Arnold Rahn Bruhn, PhD, emphasizes memories work in individual psychotherapy. Dr. Bruhn uses autobiographical memory to clarify the issues that are causing current difficulties, to facilitate faster progress in therapy. He also offers consultation to other professionals who would like a second opinion about challenging assessment and treatment cases. Dr. Bruhn has 40 years of clinical experience in institutional and private practice settings. Dr. Bruhn developed and advocated the use of the Early Memories Procedure (EMP) & Cognitive-Perceptual (CP) Therapy for individuals and in groups, including memories work with inmates incarcerated for crimes related to substance abuse. He has authored more than 20 journal articles, book chapters and a book on these assessment techniques (see References). If you would like a consultation with Dr. Bruhn, he will provide an EMP for you to complete and an individual session to interpret your protocol. By the end of the session you should be able to specify what psychological problems are now causing you distress in your life.


[box] Early Memories Procedure EMP & Cognitive-Perceptual (CP) Therapy[/box] 

The theory of autobiographical (or personal) memories is that you remember certain memories but not others, and these memories change over time to reflect your current perspective and world view. Early memories tell you about yourself. They inform the blueprint you use to organize your response to present life experiences. They also reflect the issues you have chosen to work on now in your life. Cognitive-perceptual (CP) therapy,is  a newer approach to psychotherapy that focuses specifically on personal memories. CP therapy is designed to help patients understand their most pressing issues by the end of the second session and to begin resolving them by the third.


Consultant Services:
Available on a limited basis, you may order an individual consultation, on your personal memories and where you are psychologically in your own life. For $350, Dr. Bruhn will supply an EMP, you complete it and return by mail or email. We discuss what you have sent either in my office or by phone. Interpretative sessions are approximately 90 minutes. To order, click on the button.

Consults to various prison systems, including treatment for substance abusing prisoners and violent offenders.


Credentials and Affiliations:

  • MS Psychology, Portland State University; PhD Clinical Psychology, Duke University
  • Public Health Service Fellowship in Clinical Psychology, Duke University
  • Former Associate Professor, The George Washington University, Department of Psychology
  • Former Assistant Professor of Psychology, The George Washington University, Department of Psychology
  • Member, American Psychological Association, Maryland Psychological Association, Society for Personality Assessment
  • Internship Duke Medical Center
  • Member, American Psychological Association, Fellow. Maryland Psychological Association, Fellow: Society for Personality Assessment


  • Public Health Service Fellowship in Clinical Psychology, Duke University
  • Fellow, Society for Personality Assessment, 1984-present
  • Diplomate, American Board of Assessment Psychology, 1993
  • Listed in Marquis’ Who’s Who: In Science and Technology; Of Emerging Leaders in America; In the World; Among Medical Service Professionals 

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